Knitting All About Knitting: Instructions, Patterns, Project Ideas and More

Knitting can be many different things to different people. It is…

  • A method of creating fabric: by machine, by hand or using a loom
  • A way to create finished projects such as sweaters, shawls, blankets, scarves, hats, fingerless gloves, socks, bags, soft toys, jewelry and more.
  • A needlework technique
  • A craft technique
  • An art form
  • An industry
  • A hobby
  • A pastime
  • A job
  • Entertainment
  • A creative way to entertain others — perhaps the kids, or grandkids
  • A means of self-expression
  • A way to relax
  • A sanity-saver in times of stress or distress
  • A gateway to meditation
  • A social activity
  • A solo activity
  • An act of charity or generosity
  • A media that can be combined with others to create mixed media projects

This is probably not a comprehensive list, as there are other possible ways that knitters could view their knitting.

Knitting Fabrics vs Knitting Finished Items

When using an industrial-type knitting machine that knits tiny stitches, you can knit fabric that can later be cut and sewn to create finished items such as t-shirts, dresses, shorts, pants, baby bibs, onesies and other sewn products.

You can also engineer your knit stitches to create the fabric and the finished item(s) at the same time, as in the case of some knitted socks and sweaters that are knit by either machine or by hand. Since hand knitted fabric is prone to easy unraveling, hand knitters often prefer to create finished items rather than creating fabric that would be cut and sewn later.

Machine Knitting vs Hand Knitting vs Loom Knitting

Machine Knitting: There are two major classifications of machine knitting: weft knitting and warp knitting. There are many different variations of each; there are knitting machines small enough to fit in your hands, and then there are knitting machines so large that they wouldn’t fit in the average home, and have to be stored in industrial warehouse space. There are circular knitting machines, which produce fabric knit in the round; there are also flatbed machines, which produce fabric knit in rows. Then there are smaller icord machines, which knit icord to use in a variety of different ways.

Loom Knitting

Loom Knitting Books by Nicole F. Cox, Published by Stackpole Books
Loom Knitting Books by Nicole F. Cox, Published by Stackpole Books

There are also low-tech knitting looms available. If you want to try loom knitting, I highly recommend Round Loom Knitting in 10 Easy Lessons for more information on how to get started. Once you’ve learned the basics, the sequel to the book can teach you more advanced techniqus on the knitting loom including lace stitches, cables, textured stitches and more. The name of the sequel is Amazing Loom Knits. Both books are by Nicole F. Cox.

The authors of this website are experienced weft knitters, with both extensive industry experience and extensive experience approaching knitting from a handcraft perspective. We’re comfortable with thinking of knitting as art, craft, industry, creative pursuit, hobby, job, or pastime — and our goal is to be supportive of knitters who take any and all of the above approaches to knitting. We have shared, and plan to share, information of interest to knitters of all varieties.

However, having said that, it’s worth noting that we have minimal experience with warp knitting, and so instructions and patterns utilizing the weft knitting technique are the main focus of the knitting pages on our website. In the future, when we learn more about warp knitting and find good resources about it, we’ll be sharing those too — but that’s not our main focus at this time.

Hand Knitting: Hand knitters utilize the weft knitting method for creating their stitches and projects.

Materials You Need for Hand Knitting

Yarn or Alternatives Including Wire, Plarn, Rag Balls and More

You’ll need yarn or some other similar material to be knitted. Yarn is the most popular choice, but there are other possibilities. A few alternatives include wire, cut-up plastic bags (known as “plarn”) and fabric strips transformed into rag balls. Some people also knit with roving or other materials.

Knitting Needles

Straight knitting needles are one possible option for tools you could use to knit. There are other possibilities in addition to these.
Straight knitting needles are one possible option for tools you could use to knit. There are other possibilities in addition to these.

There are people who use only their fingers and arms to knit. This is a practice known as “arm knitting”. But if you want to knit in the traditional way, the most usual way of doing that is using knitting needles. Knitting needles come in a broad variety of different lengths, sizes and configurations. There are straight knitting needles, double-pointed knitting needles and circular knitting needles. There are also interchangeable knitting needles. If you’d like more in-depth information, check out our beginner’s guide to knitting needles.

How to Knit

“Casting on” is the first step in hand knitting. There are many different ways to cast on, but they all have one thing in common: the cast on stitches form the foundation of your knitting project, and you build on that foundation by knitting more stitches into the stitches that you have cast on.

Knitting Stitches:

There are two basic stitches in knitting: the knit stitch, and the purl stitch. You utilize these two basics, plus slight variations including yarn overs, increases and decreases, to create various knitting stitch patterns that can include rib stitches, lace stitches, cables, texture stitches, popcorns, chevrons, pictorial stitch patterns and others.

Knitting vs Weaving

Knits and wovens are two major classifications of fabrics. They differ in that knitted fabrics are comprised of interlocking loops, whereas woven fabrics are comprised of threads, yarns or fibers that pass overtop of and underneath of each other in varying patterns.

How to Knit FAST: 9 Tips for Speed Knitting

Knitting isn’t a fast process, no matter how you approach it; going to the store to buy a new knitted item is likely to always be faster than knitting it yourself. But it’s possible that you might be able to learn some tricks for knitting faster in our guide to speed knitting.

Hand Knitting Patterns

If you want to knit a project by hand, you can either design your own project from scratch, or use a knitting pattern that someone else designed. If you’re interested in finding some knitting patterns you can use to create your own projects, we invite you to browse through the following list.

Knit Shawl Patterns

 Airy Waves Shawl

The Airy Waves Shawl, A Free Knitting Pattern by Lion Brand Yarns
A Free Knitting Pattern by Lion Brand Yarns
Comfort Colors Shawl

The Comfort Colors Shawl, A Free Knitting Pattern by Lion Brand Yarns
A Free Knitting Pattern by Lion Brand Yarns

Knit Scarf Patterns

If you’d like to knit a scarf, free knitting patterns are available on the Internet for these designs:

Kaleidoscope Colors Scarf

A Free Scarf Knitting Pattern From Lion Brand Yarns
A Free Scarf Knitting Pattern From Lion Brand Yarns
Jumbo Stripes Scarf

Jumbo Stripes Knit Scarf Pattern
A Free Scarf Knitting Pattern from Lion Brand Yarns

More Free Knitting Patterns

About the Author: Amy Solovay is a freelance writer with a background in textile design. She has been crocheting and crafting since childhood, and knitting since she was a teenager. Her work also appears at, and Amy sends out a free knitting and crochet newsletter so interested crafters can easily keep up with her new patterns and tutorials. If you’re already an Instagram user, Amy also invites you to follow her on Instagram.

This page was last updated on 1-23-2020.

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