How to Crochet for Beginners Learn How to Crochet With Free Instructions and Crochet Patterns for Beginners

Want to give crochet a try? If so, this page is a great place to find everything you’ll need to know on the topic of how to crochet for beginners. We’ll hook you up (pun intended!) with bunches of the best resources for learning how to crochet. You’ll find…

  • Links to free crochet stitch instructions for beginners
  • Easy crochet project ideas
  • Suggestions for the best crochet books for beginners
  • The best yarn for beginners

Let’s get started!

Get Your Crochet Project Started With a Slip Knot

A Slip Knot on a Crochet Hook; This Is the First Step for Making Most Crochet Projects.
A Slip Knot on a Crochet Hook; This Is the First Step for Making Most Crochet Projects.

There are several different ways you can begin a crochet project. The most frequently used method is starting with a slip knot and then a starting chain.

You might already know how to make a slip knot; it’s a commonly used knot for many purposes, including sailing and others. If you don’t already know how to make a slip knot, here’s a slip knot tutorial that will teach you how to do it.

Basic Crochet Stitch Instructions for Beginners

Crochet for Beginners: Basic Crochet Stitch Instructions
Crochet for Beginners: Basic Crochet Stitch Instructions

Crochet projects all have one thing in common: They’re constructed using combinations of basic crochet stitches.

Best Crochet Books for Beginners

If you enjoy reading, a good beginner-level crochet instruction book or pattern book could be a worthwhile investment to consider. A crochet book isn’t an essential purchase, as there are many excellent free resources on the topic of crochet. However, it is ideal to have a well-organized book at your fingertips to refer to as you’re learning.

Melissa Leapman's Indispensable Stitch Collection for Crocheters, Published by Creative Publishing International / Quarto Books
Melissa Leapman’s Indispensable Stitch Collection for Crocheters, Published by Creative Publishing International / Quarto Books

There are many worthwhile crochet books available, many of which are suitable for beginners. I’ve reviewed bunches of them; you can click here to find my picks for the best beginner’s crochet books. Pictured at right is my most-used book on the entire list — a crochet stitch dictionary by Melissa Leapman.

You won’t be a beginner forever. I recommend this book because it that can help you fast track your growth from beginner to confident crocheter. It is also a book that will remain valuable and relevant to you long after you’ve left beginner status behind. The book includes clear, helpful reference information on all the basic stitches a crochet enthusiast needs to know. It also includes bunches of designer stitch patterns, enabling you to learn how to crochet lace, cables, shell stitches, colorwork stitches, edgings and more.

Best Crochet Projects for Beginners

You can do any crochet project you set your mind to doing. Crochet isn’t rocket science, and even a challenging project isn’t that hard compared to, say, giving birth, learning how to drive, learning how to write, learning how to use a computer or any other rigorously challenging thing you might have done in the past.

Having said that, there are some projects that are better than others to start off with when you’re learning how to crochet. It’s ideal to begin with an easy crochet project that has a logical, orderly set of instructions to follow. This minimizes frustration and increases the likelihood you’ll finish the project, enjoy the process and feel rewarded enough to want to continue with crocheting.

Learn How to Crochet a Granny Square for Beginners
Learn How to Crochet a Granny Square

If you don’t have a strong preference for what you want to crochet first, I recommend learning how to make a granny square for your first crochet project. Granny squares progress logically from beginning to end, making them easy crochet projects that are ideal for beginners.

Granny squares are also satisfying to crochet in other ways. You can customize the colors and bunches of other details about them, and there are zillions of things you can do with them. You can turn a pile of granny squares into a blanket, a baby layette set, a hat, a sweater, a scarf, a shawl, a pillow, a bag or just about anything else you could think of.

Another reason the granny square is the ideal beginner’s crochet project: You crochet a granny square in the round; projects worked in the round tend to be easier to hold onto in the beginning stages than projects worked in rows.

To see one method for how to start a granny square or just about any crochet project in the round, check out our tutorial for how to join with a slip stitch to form a ring. This is an important crochet technique for beginners to understand.

An Easy Granny Square for Beginners

This granny square was my first crochet project as a child. I think I was six or seven years old when I learned how to make this. I’m passing the same exact pattern along to you. While there are more exciting granny square patterns available, this one is a good one to start off with because it is almost stupidly easy and it is also really versatile.

More Granny Squares:

Easy Crochet Scarf Patterns for Beginners

Easy, Basic Single Crochet Scarf Pattern for Beginners

Easy, Basic Single Crochet Scarf Pattern for Beginners -- You can use This Pattern to Crochet one of those Ultra-Long, trendy SUPER SCARVES that has been so popular with crafters lately.
Easy, Basic Single Crochet Scarf Pattern for Beginners.

This pattern is for a super scarf measuring 7 feet long. It’s a unisex scarf pattern crocheted in long, horizontal rows.

My single crochet stitch tutorial includes instructions for making another easy, beginner-friendly scarf using single crochet stitch. This scarf can be as short or long as you want it to be; it is crocheted in the vertical direction, and you can simply stop crocheting when the scarf reaches the length you find most appealing.

Easy Beginner’s Crochet Neck Warmer Pattern

Easy Crochet Neck Warmer Pattern for Beginners
Easy Crochet Neck Warmer Pattern for Beginners

Easy Crochet Dishcloths and Washcloths for Beginners

Easy Single Crochet Dishcloth Pattern for Beginners
Easy Single Crochet Dishcloth Pattern for Beginners

My single crochet stitch tutorial also includes instructions for making a small cloth you can use as either a dishcloth or a washcloth. I recommend making as many of these as it takes to get comfortable making single crochet stitches. If you make mistakes in the process of crocheting these, it’s no big deal; they’ll still scrub your dishes clean regardless.

An Easy Crochet Baby Hat Pattern for Beginners

This little baby hat is super cute. If you crochet it in a neutral color like off white, it matches just about any outfit or outerwear. The design works well for baby boys and baby girls, which makes it a nice baby shower gift or charity crochet project.

An Easy Crochet Circle for Beginners

The link above takes you to a free crochet pattern for a flat, plain, easy circle shape that’s customizable. If you’re in need of a beginner-friendly crocheted circle for just about any purpose, that pattern is a good one to try.

See Also:

Our Free Crochet and Knitting Newsletter Is a Fantastic Resource for More Free Crochet Patterns and Tutorials

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Best Yarn for Beginners

For the first swatches and crochet projects you create as you learn how to crochet, it’s best to stick with using yarns that have the following characteristics:

  • The yarn is smooth and evenly spun. Avoid using heavily textured yarns or furry yarns like boucle or eyelash yarn until you are crocheting confidently. It’s easier to see your stitches when you use a smooth yarn.
  • The yarn is light or bright in color. Avoid using dark yarns when making your first crochet projects. It’s easier to distinguish your stitches when you work with light-colored yarns. Dark-colored yarns can cause frustration because it isn’t easy to see the stitches as you crochet.
  • The yarn is thick enough to hold onto easily, but not too thick to manipulate easily. A medium weight yarn is a good choice.

    The Symbol for a Medium Weight Yarn on the Craft Yarn Council's Standardized System of Yarn Weights
    The Symbol for a Medium Weight Yarn on the Craft Yarn Council’s Standardized System of Yarn Weights

    How do you recognize a “medium weight yarn”? When you shop for yarn, you might notice that some yarns include a symbol with a number on the label. You can see an example of this pictured at right. Look for yarn that’s about a size 4 on the Craft Yarn Council’s standard yarn weight system. 3s and 5s are fine too. Yarns at either extreme — extremely fine or extremely thick — can be challenging to work with and could cause you frustration as you learn how to crochet.

  • The yarn is resilient, forgiving of mistakes and can be unraveled easily.

Wool is the fiber that can best meet all these characteristics. My opinion: An affordable wool yarn like Cascade 220 is the best yarn for beginners to use when learning how to crochet. Cascade 220 comes in a beautiful color palette; it’s affordable and offers an excellent value in exchange for the money you spend on it. It’s soft, resilient, easy to work with and easy to unravel if you need to fix beginner’s mistakes.

Some crochet teachers recommend acrylic yarn as being the best yarn for beginning crocheters, but I cannot in good conscience make this recommendation. Acrylic is toxic, and it poses environmental hazards.

Acrylic poisons the factory workers who manufacture it, as I found out firsthand when I worked in the textile industry. As far as I know, nobody can say with certainty whether or not acrylic poisons the people who crochet with it or wear it — but after having discussed this at length with my colleagues in the textile industry, I suspect it does. This is in part because acrylic continues to “offgas” long after its initial manufacture, and in part because the solvents used for manufacturing it can also be toxic and problematic.

Acrylic does not readily biodegrade, and there is no easy way to get rid of it once it exists. If you do decide to crochet with acrylic yarn, I suggest saving it for projects that you will want to keep forever — like classic blankets or sweaters. You’re not likely to want to hang onto your first practice crochet swatches. If they eventually find their way into a landfill, acrylic swatches won’t easily biodegrade like swatches made with a natural fiber yarn would.

References and Recommended Reading

Textiles: Fiber to Fabric

Fifth Edition

Dr. Bernard P. Corbman

McGraw-Hill Book Company

Copyright 1975

ISBN# 0-07-013125-2

About the Author: Amy Solovay is a freelance writer with a background in textile design. She has been crocheting and crafting since childhood, and knitting since she was a teenager. Her work also appears at, and Amy sends out a free knitting and crochet newsletter so interested crafters can easily keep up with her new patterns and tutorials. If you’re already an Instagram user, Amy also invites you to follow her on Instagram.

This page was last updated on 1-21-2020.

4 thoughts on “How to Crochet for Beginners Learn How to Crochet With Free Instructions and Crochet Patterns for Beginners

  • December 31, 2017 at 6:33 pm

    Happy new year Amy, good web site. I tried to follow your instructions about single crochet scarf for beginners
    I’m having something like a circle scarf. Is it what we are expecting to have ? I know that some of my stiches were tight so, the scarf seem curly too at the beginning: 224 chain stitches then start the row two in the second chain to have 223 stitches, etc..
    Your comments will be appreciated and helpful for me because I’m a little bit confuse.
    If possible, please, I would like to have a crochet medium socks pattern for beginners.
    Thanks so much for your encouragement. It is greatly appreciated.

    • January 2, 2018 at 8:50 am

      Hi! I am glad you found me, and I am SO SORRY for the confusion. I am not surprised that you are confused; for some reason, editors at the spruce website have replaced many of my actual project photos with stock photos that are unrelated to the projects. I cannot understand why they have done this, and I find it infuriating! It seems you have found a pattern that has the wrong photo attached. I will email you with the correct photo. For sock patterns, see this page: Knit and Crochet Sock Patterns

      Thanks so much for your interest in my patterns. I really appreciate it!

  • March 15, 2019 at 2:21 pm

    Good Morning,I am not familiar with crochet at all,but I do a fair amount of knitting.I was noticing those beautiful baskets and baby cradles in one of the pictures and I would love to be able to make one,is there a particular. book with instructions to follow for these projects. Thank you for any information you send.


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